Perfect tense        Practice exercises

The Perfect tense describes what has happened or what someone has done, e.g.  I have lost my passport.

It is formed using the present tense of "haber" plus a past participle.  

In Spanish, past participles end in -ado (for AR verbs) and -ido (ER/IR verbs).   Be aware: there are a few irregular past participles!

Example of AR verb   Example of ER/IR verb  
he visitado I have visited he perdido I have lost
has visitado you have visited has perdido you have lost
ha visitado he/she/it has visited ha perdido he/she/it has lost
hemos visitado we have visited hemos perdido we have lost
habéis visitado you (all) have visited habéis perdido you (all) have lost
han visitado they have visited han perdido they have lost



  1. The verb "haber" and the past participle can never be split up.   This means that negatives and pronouns go in front of "haber", e.g. nunca he visitado España - I have never visited Spain; lo he perdido - I have lost it.

  2. The past participle is invariable in the perfect tense, e.g. las chicas han comido las manzanas - the girls have eaten the apples.

  3. The following are not translated using the perfect tense: I have been studying Spanish for five years, I have just arrived in Madrid.