Perfect tense Practice exercises
The Perfect tense describes what has happened or what someone has done, e.g. I have lost my passport.
It is formed using the present tense of "haber" plus a past participle.
In Spanish, past participles end in -ado (for AR verbs) and -ido (ER/IR verbs). Be aware: there are a few irregular past participles!
|Example of AR verb||Example of ER/IR verb|
|he visitado||I have visited||he perdido||I have lost|
|has visitado||you have visited||has perdido||you have lost|
|ha visitado||he/she/it has visited||ha perdido||he/she/it has lost|
|hemos visitado||we have visited||hemos perdido||we have lost|
|habéis visitado||you (all) have visited||habéis perdido||you (all) have lost|
|han visitado||they have visited||han perdido||they have lost|
The verb "haber" and the past participle can never be split up. This means that negatives and pronouns go in front of "haber", e.g. nunca he visitado España - I have never visited Spain; lo he perdido - I have lost it.
The past participle is invariable in the perfect tense, e.g. las chicas han comido las manzanas - the girls have eaten the apples.
The following are not translated using the perfect tense: I have been studying Spanish for five years, I have just arrived in Madrid.