Pluperfect tense Practice exercises
The Pluperfect tense describes what had happened or what someone had done, e.g. I had gone to the supermarket.
It is formed using the imperfect tense of "haber" plus a past participle.
In Spanish, past participles end in -ado (for AR verbs) and -ido (ER/IR verbs). Be aware: there are a few irregular past participles!
|Example of AR verb||Example of ER/IR verb|
|había terminado||I had finished||había comido||I had eaten|
|habías terminado||you had finished||habías comido||you had eaten|
|había terminado||he/she/it had finished||había comido||he/she/it had eaten|
|habíamos terminado||we had finished||habíamos comido||we had eaten|
|habíais terminado||you (all) had finished||habíais comido||you (all) had eaten|
|habían terminado||they had finished||habían comido||they had eaten|
The verb "haber" and the past participle can never be split up. This means that negatives and pronouns go in front of "haber", e.g. no había hablado con él - I hadn't spoken to him; lo había cambiado - I had changed it.
The past participle is invariable in the perfect tense, e.g. las chicas habían comido las manzanas - the girls had eaten the apples.
The following are not translated using the pluperfect tense: I had been waiting for 10 minutes when..., I had just arrived when...